Make sure you get the plant off to a good start first choose a pot that’s large enough to accommodate several inches of new root growth around the original root ball for the tree. Consider the shape most interest trees are going to be replanted as they grow so think about the shape of the pot if your pot has a tapered edge that comes in at the top this might make it difficult to remove that root ball when you’re ready to transplant.
Soil selection to choose a potting mix designed for planting in pots, not a planter mix designed for planting in flower beds or in the ground. A good potting mix is going to have a light airy material that’s going to allow for great drainage but its also going to allow for some soil retention and nutrient retention an organic soil is really important because what you’re putting into your pot is going to create a living environment that feeds your plant and these nutrients are going to be taken up into the citrus tree and ultimately end up in the citrus when you’re consuming.
When you’re ready to plant carefully remove the citrus tree from the container, loot at root ball if you see any obviously dead or extra long roots that are wrapping around prune those back by doing this you are giving your citrus tree a jump start with when you put in a new soil so it can root nicely.
Plant your tree chain leaving a couple of inches of room from the top of the pot something to consider are depth of the plant. Keep in mind that the entire root ball must be below the soil surface but pay attention to the crown of your plants that must stay up above So that you’ve enough space around the plant to spread the fertilizer, compost, and top dressing material.
It is a heavy feeder plant, use an organic citrus fertilizer something that is specific for citrus. Citrus has some special needs and if you have a formula that’s specific for citrus you won’t have any guessing work wondering if you’re meeting all the requirements citrus-like extra nitrogen. They like the soil to be slightly acidic, and they really need a lot of extra trace minerals. Just sprinkling some fertilizer on the soil surface and gently work it in.
Provide fertilizer at the initial stage because citrus trees are heavy fertilizers. Feed your citrus tree every month or two all year long when you plant citrus trees and containers.
If you’re watering correctly if you put a lot of water and it can leach nutrients out of the soil so it always requires heavier fertilizing than something that’s planted in the ground add some organic compost to the soil surface and then top truss everything with a wood bark or wood mulch. Organic compost is nice stuff that preferred because, as feeding the soil when you have healthy soil it works a much better job.
Take a couple of handsful of organic compost and add this to the surface of my planting.
Basically what portion of the tree was above the soil level in the planter when you first planted it so don’t bring soil up the tree trunk but make sure the roots are covered.
Citrus tree-like evenly moist soils, don’t let the pot dry out in between each watering but don’t put water on top of already wet soil. Go watering deeply and slowly so that you can envision that water is really soaking in and in saturating the entire root ball if your soil surface is dried out and you pour your water on too quickly water tends to follow the path of the least resistance and that water will skirt right off the top downsides and out the drain hole and never really saturate that root ball, so good way to know if you really need to water your plant is to pull away your mulch surface get to the soil feel the soil surface may be dry which could indicate you need to water it but dig and inch or two make sure that the soil level is not wet below the soil surface if you feel that the soil dried out an or two-inch give it a deep watering. On average citrus tree should be watered once-twice a week this can depend on many factors the bigger your pot the less often you have to water the better top dressed. Your pot is the less often you have to water another factor in loitering is the overall weather pattern. If you’re in the middle of the hot dry summer you need to water it more frequently or you’re in the middle of a cooler winter spell obviously less watering is required one of the last considerations is to look at the tree.
for pruning the first thing is to look for any dead or broken branches and remove it. Also, prune any branches that are crossing over each other. When they cross and rub on each other that can cause problems it can cause entry for infection, so we would just try to remove any branches that are crossing and causing any issues. We can also selectively prune our tree to maintain size and shape, and also allow for airflow in the center of the tree and sunlight to get in so if you have too many branches in the middle you can selectively prune some of these branches to open up that canopy another thing to consider is as fruit is grown on your tree, fruit can be heavy so low-hanging branches will often pull down under the weight of the citrus trees and allow the citrus to rest right on the soil surface you want to eliminate that before any citrus production starts to grow so cut off any low branches to avoid this issue to weighting down and laying on the soil surface. The hard part is done your citrus tree is planted and you’re looking forward to your first harvest however there will be some maintenance over the years as your tree grows. You need to consider repotting it into larger planter you will need a larger planter that will allow for a couple of inches of new growth space around the root ball. also, need to do some maintenance trimming on your tree to maintain the size of the canopy and continue to look for the broken crossing branches and continue to open up the crown and let some sunlight in, don’t skip on. The fertilizing on your tree can give you some indication of its heavy dark lush green full canopies is indicating that you’re feeding it properly if you’re seeing yellowing leaves that could be a sign of nutrient deficiency by following.
Topdressing is an optional part.
Watering: it depends on how old the tree is, in the first year high water requirement so you may have to water three to four times a week the first summer everything based on summer watering when you need to water about a three to four foot water well. Spend 2-3 hours good long slow deep soaking to fill that basin up. You need to water every 3-4 days by the fourth or fifth year. You could be down to once a week
Evening water is better because the soil is at its driest point you will get more water deeper down into the soil and the tree is at its driest point so it will do more to absorb the moisture instead of losing it to evaporation during the day.
Make sure you have a well-drained soil so that if you water up at the top you’re going to notice that it's going to flow right through the pot there and if not it means soil absorbing high volume of water which may cause of root rot. It is signed.
And when you begin water too often your plant’s leaves will begin to show signs that we would normally think of us like an iron deficiency and leaves will be turned yellow on the vein and will look like affected by chlorosis basically.
Place the plant in a sunny window with proper air circulation.
In wintertime, we tend to water the same schedule that we water in the summer. But in winter the evaporation system functions very slow by keeping in mind you must water once a week.
To test water requirement of the plant in a pot just sticking your finger in the soil and popping it down to your second knuckle and if it’s dry give us some water. Notice that when soil is dry in the potting soil actually shrink and will create a little gap between the edge of the pot. You need to know it is the best time for water.